China is building a new generation of power plants to cope with a new, more aggressive pollution control strategy.
The plan, dubbed the “power plant plan,” will include two new coal-fired plants in Xinjiang province.
It is aimed at reducing China’s annual pollution output by 20 per cent by 2020 and 70 per cent of air pollution by 2030.
The country’s economy is in its worst downturn since the 1980s, and Beijing has been struggling to deal with growing public anger and economic stagnation.
With the country’s coal consumption rising and the economy still recovering from the 2008-2009 global financial crisis, it is likely that China’s pollution will increase.
But the power plant plan does not address the other main threat: climate change.
“It is not possible to control the growth of CO2 emissions without tackling the other factors, which are air pollution and climate change,” said Dr. Yiqiang Zeng, a climate scientist at the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Earth Sciences.
China’s energy policy, known as the National Development and Reform Commission, is supposed to develop a new energy system that can meet the countrys ambitious targets for reducing emissions.
But that process has been beset by problems.
“The problem is that this new energy plan does nothing to address the issues of CO 2 emissions,” said Mr. Zeng.
In addition to a coal-fueled power plant in Xinjing, a new power plant will be built in Xinhai in the Gansu province.
Beijing hopes that the Xinhai power plant would replace the existing, more polluting Xiamen plant, which is scheduled to be completed in 2021.
A new, coal-fuelled power plant near the city of Xian in central China’s Jiangsu province will also begin operation in 2021, followed by a second in Qingdao in 2022.
Beijing has said it plans to add another 50 gigawatts of coal-burning capacity by 2040.
A second coal-powered power plant is also being planned in the province of Fujian, about 150 kilometres (90 miles) east of Beijing.
China plans to phase out its coal use by 2045.
The plans are the latest steps China has taken to combat climate change, which poses a major challenge for the world’s largest economy.
The International Energy Agency estimates that global carbon emissions are expected to rise by about 20 per, or 5 per cent, between now and 2045 if emissions continue at their current rate.
China is the world leader in coal-burner emissions.
In 2014, the country burned about 690 million tonnes of coal, or about 9.8 million metric tonnes.
China has vowed to curb coal use in a number of ways, including using natural gas and coal-based electricity, and by 2030, it will cut coal consumption by 80 per cent.
But China is also struggling with the pollution problem.
In 2013, the United Nations’ World Meteorological Organization said China’s air quality had deteriorated over the past three years, and that China had seen a rise in severe air pollution over the last five years.
China also is facing growing pressure from the World Trade Organization, which has launched investigations into the pollution, saying the country has failed to fully implement the country ‘s commitments under the World Climate Change Convention.
The government is also grappling with the effects of climate change on food prices.
China recently implemented a policy aimed at tackling the problem of rising food prices, but the measures are only a partial solution, and the government is trying to address other issues such as the cost of food imports, said Wu Jilong, a professor of environmental and health sciences at the University of Hong Kong.
In China, the government has set aside some $1.8 billion for improving air quality in the country, but its targets are not nearly enough to address global warming, said Dr Zeng of the Institute of Environment Sciences.
The Chinese government says the new plan is aimed primarily at addressing climate change and air pollution, but Dr. Zung said it will be difficult to achieve this goal unless it takes into account other important issues.
For example, the plan does little to address food security issues such a lack of sufficient food supplies and food-related illnesses, he said.
Dr. Wu also questioned whether the plan is a wise investment, saying it is difficult to predict how the plan will be implemented.
“If the plan were implemented in full, we would be very surprised,” he said, adding that China has only a small share of the world population.